Carl Schimitt diz a política girava em torno da defnição amigo/inimigo. Nas relações políticas é sempre preciso estabelecer um amigo e o inimigo para que ela possa ser organizada. Ora com o fim da Guerra Fria, os EUA não tiveram dúvidas, escolheram rapidamente o Islã como novo inimigo. E óbvio que a idéia de choque de civilizações contribuiu pra isso, mas de fato os países islâmicos eram os aliados mais suspeitos que os EUA tinham desde o choque do petróleo e da Revolução Iraniana.
Islamophobia began with end of Cold War, OSCE meeting hears
Cordoba (ANTARA News) - Islamophobia gathered pace in the West with the end of the Cold War, long before the September 11, 2001 attacks against the US, participants at a two-day OSCE conference that began in Spain Tuesday said.
"After the end of the Cold War, certain people took Muslims and Islam to be the new scapegoat and enemy," Mustapha Cherif, an expert on Islam at the University of Algiers, told AFP on the sidelines of the gathering.
"But after the senseless act of September 11, this has been amplified," added Cherif, who is known for his commitment to battling religious hatred.
Delegations from the 56 nations that make up the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) are taking part in the conference in the southern Spanish city of Cordoba on the topic of intolerance toward Muslims.
Spain currently holds the rotating presidency of the OSCE, which promotes human rights, democracy and conflict prevention in Europe, North America and Central Asia.
Arab League Secretary-General Amr Mussa told the gathering that after the end of the Cold War, "conservative extremists in certain Western circles" needed to find a new enemy.
"We must reach an agreement on rules of behaviour, tolerance and coexistence since we are condemned to live together," he added.
Studies by the European Monitoring Centre on Racism and Xenophobia said that Muslims have concluded that anti-Muslim behaviour and attitudes had risen since 2001, said Spanish Foreign Minister Miguel Angel Moratinos.
"Without a doubt, international terrorism has fueled this phenomena," added Moratinos who is chairing the gathering.
Wanda Krause of Britain's Forum Against Racism and Islamophobia, which is made up of representatives of the British Muslim community, said anti-Muslim sentiment was continuing to rise.
"We have rising reports of violence against Muslims," she said.
Cordoba was chosen as the host for the conference as the city with its 8th century mosque is a symbolic venue of centuries of coexistence in the Iberian peninsula between Christians, Jews and Muslims.
The city hosted a similar OSCE conference on anti-Semitism in 2005.
The event is part of Spanish Prime Minister Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero's diplomatic push for an international effort to resolve cultural and religious differences, especially between the Western and Muslim world.
The Socialist prime minister called for the formation of an "Alliance of Civilizations" at the United Nations in September 2004, just six months after
the Madrid train bombings that killed 191 people.
Spain and Turkey have co-chaired the UN organisation since it was formed in 2005 and in April 2007, former Portuguese president Jorge Sampaio was appointed as the head of the new alliance.
Speaking at the gathering, Sampaio appealed for strong government policies "to build points of respect and mutual comprehension." (*)
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Posted on 10/10/07 08:58